Better Handling for Murray Cod

Murray cod are our most iconic native freshwater fish and the good news is that their population is bouncing back thanks to record stocking, river restoration, tighter catch limits, more responsible angler practices and cracking down on illegal fishing.Care for Cod logo

But there's more we can do!

The slot limit, introduced in 2014, requires all Murray cod over 75cm and under 55cm to be released. For that to really work though, the released cod must live!

That's where better handling practices come in.

With help from an expert aquatic veterinarian, published science and practical advice from leading freshwater anglers, we've developed a 4 point plan to care for cod.

Be prepared

Landing a big Murray cod, removing the hooks, photographing it, then reviving and releasing it, all requires careful planning and the right gear.

Good organisation will ensure a quick release, minimise stress and maximise the cod's chances of surviving the encounter.


  • Use a soft knotless or rubber landing net
  • Have sturdy gloves close by to protect your hands and to grip the lower jaw
  • Avoid lip grippers that bruise or damage the cod's mouth and jaw structure
  • Use long nosed pliers to safely remove hooks quickly
  • Ensure fish length measures are ready to go. Don't forget to wet them down prior to placing fish in them
  • Have your camera or GoPro ready and functions pre-set.

Reduce air time

A fish can't breathe out of water so they need water and time to recover.

If possible, keep your cod in the water at all times.

If safe to do so, get in the water with your prized fish for a great photo.

If you decide the lift the fish out of the water, do it gently and quickly and aim for 30 seconds or less air exposure.

Gently does it

If lifting a cod, support the whole fish and don't hang the fish vertically, which can damage the spine and gills.

Protect the skin by not placing the fish on dry, sharp or hot surfaces.

Revive the fish slowly to get water flowing over the gills. Avoid moving the fish backwards and forwards.

Be mindful that survival is lower in hot weather and warm, shallow water.

Use the right gear

A big cod on light line is more likely to get exhausted so use line classes and tackle that lands cod quickly and doesn't unnecessarily prolong the fight.

When fishing with bait, use large circle hooks (and a tight line) to reduce the chance of deep hooking.

Other tips

When they're on the nest, give them a rest

During springtime when Murray cod are on the nest, give them a rest and target other species like golden perch or redfin.

While stocking programs help replenish cod populations, there is substantial breeding of wild cod in many waters that contribute to the fishery. Let them be during the three month closed season (except Lake Eildon, which is open year-round).