Australian salmon (eastern and western)

Australian salmonDistribution

There are two species of Australian salmon, both of which can be found in Victorian waters.

The distribution of the eastern Australian salmon (Arripis trutta) extends down the east coast of Australia to western Victoria and Tasmania. The western Australian salmon (Arripis truttaceus) is distributed around the west coast of Australia, extending southwards from Kalbarri in Western Australia to western Victoria and the west coast of Tasmania.

Stock structure

Each of the Australian salmon species is a single biological stock. These are both shared stocks that span the waters of Victoria and other jurisdictions. Each stock is affected by factors, such as fishing and management, within and beyond Victorian waters.

The national Status of Key Australian Fish Stocks report 2014 assessed the status of each species of Australian salmon at the scale of these biological stocks.

Annual catch

Sector

Victorian catch from eastern and western species

Commercial (2015/16 fishing year)

192 tonnes

Recreational (statewide estimate from 2000/01 national survey)

 ≈ 271 tonnes 

Indigenous (i.e. 2015/16 customary fishing permits

0 tonnes

Estimated total

≈ 463 tonnes

Stock status

The tables below summarise and explain the status and management of the eastern and western species of Australian salmon based on: 

  1. Stock status: classification of the biological status of the eastern and western species as at 2013, taken from the national Status of Key Australian Fish Stocks (SAFS) report 2014. These stocks are affected by fishing and management beyond Victorian waters.
    Read more about the SAFS assessment approach and classification system.
  2. Management settings: overview of current management arrangements in Victorian waters, including any recent changes that may affect stock status.
  3. Risk management category: The Victorian Fisheries Authority's overall, qualitative assessment of current risk to stock status in Victorian waters taking into account management arrangements, based on the best information currently available:

    Red Red - current management measures may not be sufficient to prevent stock depletion
    Amber Amber - current management measures expected to mitigate risk of stock depletion
    Green Green - stock status not of concern under current management

Stock status is based only on sustainability and is for the entire biological stock. Management settings and risk management category also consider the steps taken to address stock status, and only apply to the portion of the stock in Victorian waters. 

Management settings are also influenced by social and economic factors, and can take some time to affect a stock's status. This can depend on biological and environmental factors as well as the type and level of management changes implemented.

Eastern Australian salmon

Stock status (2013 data) Key management settings Risk management category

Classification:

sustainable

Commercial harvest is predominantly managed by limited entry licensing and by gear and size restrictions, while recreational fishers are subject to size, gear and bag limits.

Read more about the fishing methods and rules for Australian salmon in Victoria.

Green

Evidence:

Collectively, the following data provide evidence that this stock is sustainable. 

Available information does not indicate stock status concerns

Basis for stock status classification (from SAFS 2014)

Biomass assessment

Based on this evidence, SAFS 2014 concluded that the biomass of this stock was unlikely to be recruitment overfished

Fishing pressure assessment

Based on this evidence, SAFS 2014 concluded that the level of fishing pressure at the time was unlikely to cause this stock is to become recruitment overfished

Western Australian salmon

Stock status (2013 data) Key management settings Risk management category

Classification:

sustainable

Commercial harvest is predominantly managed by limited entry licensing and by gear and size restrictions, while recreational fishers are subject to size, gear and bag limits.

Read more about the fishing methods and rules for Australian salmon in Victoria.

Green

Evidence:

Collectively, the following data provide evidence that this stock is sustainable. 

Available information does not indicate stock status concerns

Basis for stock status classification (from SAFS 2014)

Biomass assessment

Based on this evidence, SAFS 2014 concluded that the biomass of this stock was unlikely to be recruitment overfished

Fishing pressure assessment

Based on this evidence, SAFS 2014 concluded that the level of fishing pressure at the time was unlikely to cause this stock is to become recruitment overfished

Read more about the assessment of Australian salmon stock status as at 2013 in the national Status of Key Australian Fish Stocks (SAFS) report 2014.