Black bream are found in most coastal rivers, lakes and estuaries across Victoria.
Victoria's black bream population is comprised of a large number of small independent biological fish stocks. Black bream tend to have a small home range and multiple stocks can be found within each estuary or lake.
Black bream was not included in the national Status of Key Australian Fish Stocks report 2014, but the status of black bream in the Gippsland Lakes has been assessed by The Victorian Fisheries Authority.
Commercial (2015/16 fiscal year)
Recreational (statewide estimate from 2000/01 national survey)
≈ 203 tonnes (507,000 fish of average weight 400 grams)
Indigenous (i.e. 2015/16 customary fishing permits)
≈ 247 tonnes
The table below summarises and explains the status and management of black bream based on:
- Stock status: assessment of the status of black bream in Gippsland Lakes as at 2016 by The Victorian Fisheries Authority. Contact The Victorian Fisheries Authority for a copy of the recent Gippsland Lakes Fisheries Assessment report.
- Management settings: overview of current management arrangements in Victorian waters, including any recent changes that may affect stock status.
- Risk management category: The Victorian Fisheries Authority's overall, qualitative assessment of current risk to stock status in Victorian waters taking into account management arrangements, based on the best information currently available:
Red - current management measures may not be sufficient to prevent stock depletion
Amber - current management measures expected to mitigate risk of stock depletion
Green - stock status not of concern under current management
Stock status is based only on sustainability, while management settings and risk management category also consider the steps taken to address stock status. The stock status classification, management settings and risk management category for black bream are all at the Gippsland Lakes scale.
Management settings are also influenced by social and economic factors, and can take some time to affect a stock's status. This can depend on biological and environmental factors as well as the type and level of management changes implemented.
Stock status (2013 data)
Key management settings
Risk management category
Commercial harvest is predominantly managed by limited entry licensing and restrictions on size, gear and some fishing locations. Recreational fishers are subject to size, gear and bag limits.
Read more about the fishing methods and rules for black bream in Victoria
Contact The Victorian Fisheries Authority for a copy of the recent Gippsland Lakes Fisheries Assessment report.
Collectively, the following data provide evidence that this stock is sustainable.
Available information does not indicate stock status concerns.
Basis for stock status classification
The above evidence indicates that the biomass of this stock is unlikely to be recruitment overfished
Fishing pressure assessment
The above evidence indicates that the current level of fishing pressure is unlikely to cause the stock to become recruitment overfished